Monday, May 14, 2012

Medical Abbreviations

Assalamualaikum wbt.. 

bagi student nurse,kadang-kadang medical term dan medical abbreviations menjadi masalah utama komunikasi dan rawatan..
abbreviations dibawah di ambil dari Dr Hafiz..kredit untuk beliau...tq doctor!

AF - Atrial fibrillation
AMI - Acute Myocardial Infarction
AVM - Arteriovenous Malformation
CCF - Congestive Cardiac Failure
CIDP - Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy
CRAO - Central retinal artery occlusion
CSF - Cerebrospinal fluid
CVA - Cerebrovascular accident
GBS - Gullain-Barre syndrome
GCA - Giant cell arteritis
ICP - Intracranial Pressure
IOP - Intraocular pressure
MS - Multiple Sclerosis
MSA - Multiple System Atrophy
PERLA - Pupil Equal and Reactive to Light and Accommodation
POAG - Primary Open Angle Glaucoma
PSP - Progressive Supranuclear Palsy
RAPD - Relative Afferent Pupillary defect
SAH - Subarachnoid Haemorrhage
SOL - Space Occupying Lesion 

ALL - Acute Lymphoblastic Leukaemia
AML - Acute Myeloid Leukaemia

CHOP - Cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin (hydroxydoxorubicin), vincristine (Oncovin), prednisone
CLL - Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia
CML - Chronic Myeloid Leukaemia
DCIS - Ductal Carcinoma In-situ
DIC - Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation
EPO - Erythropoietin
ITP - Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura
LCIS - Lobular Carcinoma In-situ
LRTI - Lower Respiratory Tract Infection
MGUS - Monoclonal Gammopathy of Unknown Significance
MM - Multiple Myeloma
NHL - Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
NSCLC - Non Small Cell Lung Cancer
PSA - Prostatic Specific Antigen
SCLC - Small Cell Lung Cancer
STD - Sexually Transmitted Disease
TTP - Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura
URTI - Upper Respiratory Tract Infection
UTI - Urinary Tract Infection
VAD - Vincristine, adriamycin and dexamethasone

AAA - Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm
AIH - Autoimmune Hepatitis
BPH - Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia
CLD - Chronic Liver Disease

ERCP - Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography
ETOH - ethanol / Ethyl alcohol
EUS - Endoscopic Ultrasonography
HBV - Hepatitis B Virus
HCC - Hepatocellular carcinoma
HCV - Hepatitis C Virus
IBD - Inflammatory Bowel Disease
IRS - Irritable Bowel Syndrome
IVDU - Intravenous Drug user

MRCP - Magnetic Resonance Cholangiopancreatography
NASH - Non-alcoholic Steatohepatitis
OLT - Orthotopic Liver Transplantation
PBC - Primary Biliary Cirrhosis
PHT - Portal Hypertension
PSC - Primary sclerosing cholangitis
SBP - Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis 

Duration of Time 

x/24 - x number of hours
x/7 - x number of days
x/52 - x number of weeks
x/12 - x number of months

mane - morning
nocte - night

bd - twice daily
tds - three times a day
qid - four times a day

Route of administration
po - per oral
pr - per rectum
IV - Intravenous
IM - Intramuscular
tab - tablet
supp - suppository
sc - subcutaneous 

Hx - History
Sx - Symptoms
Dx - Diagnosis
DDx - Differential Diagnosis
Rx - Treatment
Mx - Management
abx - aantibiotik
STEMI - ST elevation of myocardial infarction
NSTEMI - Non ST elevation of myocardial infarction
COPD - Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
HOCM - Hypertrophic Obstructive Cardiomyopathy

# NOF - Fracture neck of femur
ORIF - Open reduction and internal fixation
DDH - Developmental dysplasia of the hip
SUFE - Slipped upper femoral epiphysis
FOOSH - Fall on outstretched hand

RA - Rheumatoid Arthritis
OA - Osteoarthritis
AS - Ankylosing Spondylitis

BCC - Basal cell carcinoma
SCC - Squamous cell carcinoma
HSV - Herpes simplex virus
VZV - Varicella Zoster virus
PDT - Photo Dynamic Therapy
PUVA - Psoralen and ultraviolet A

NPDR - Non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy
PDR - Proliferative diabetic retinopathy
HONK - Hyper osmolar non-ketotic
IRMA - Intra-retinal Microvascular Abnormalities

Vascular Surgery
ABI - ankle brachial index
AT - anterior tibial
DVT - Deep Vein Thrombosis
CVI - Chronic Venous Insufficiency
PT - posterior tibial
PA - peroneal artery
TOS - thoracic outlet syndrome
PTA - Percutaneous Transluminal Angioplasty

RAS - Renal Artery Stenosis
GN - Glomerulonephritis
MCGN - Minimal Change Glomerulonephritis
TBMN - Thin Basement Membrane Nephropathy
FSGS - Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis
RPGN - Rapidly Progressive Glomerulo Nephritis

BNO - Bladder Neck Obstruction
BPH - Benign Prostate Hyperplasia
TRUS - Trans-Rectal Ultrasound
PSA - Prostate Specific Antigen
DRE - Digital Rectal Examination

AFNT – Anterior Fontanelle NormoTensive
AGE – Acute Gastro Enteritis
ARF – Acute Renal Failure
BE – Base Excess
CBD – Continuous Bladder Drainage (Fancy phrase of saying putting up a urinary catheter)
CBS – Capillary Blood Sugar
CKD – Chronic Kidney Disease
CLD – Chronic Liver Disease
DFU – Diabetic Foot Ulcers
DIL – Death In Line
DRNM – Dual Rhythm No Murmur (This is used to describe cardiovascular examination findings)
EES - Erythromycin ethyl succinate
EMCS – Emergency Caesarean Section
FTSVD – Full Term Spontaneous Vaginal Delivery
JE – Japanese Encephalitis [PDF]
KIV – Keep In View
NNJ – Neonatal Jaundice
OA – Orang Asli
PCM – Paracetamol
PD – Peritoneal Dialysis
SCR – Subcostal Recession
SGOT - Serum Glutamic Oxaloacetic Transaminase. Another name for AST (Aspartate aminotransferase)
TCA – To Come Again. Example TCA eye clinic 6/52
TRO – To Rule Out
UFEME – Urine Full Examination Microscopic Examination
UGIB - Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding

ACAS - Aged Care Assessment Services
AFO - Ankle-Foot-Orthosis
APATT - Aged Psychiatry Assessment and Treatment Team 
BIST - Behaviour Intervention Support Team
BPSD - Behavioural and Pyschological Symptoms of Dementia
CACP - Community Aged Care Package
CDAMS - Cognitive, Dementia and Memory Services
CDDHV - Centre for Developmental Disability Health Victoria
CIBIS - Clinicans' Interview-Based Impression of Status
CIND - Cognitive impairment not dementia [Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI)]
CRU - Community Residential Unit
CUG - cystourethrography
DBMAS - Dementia Behaviour Management Advisory Service
EPOA - Enduring Power of Attorney
FIM - Functional Independence Measure
FISS - Family Intervention Support Unit
GDS - Geriatric Depression Scale
HACC - Home And Community Care
HARP - Hospital Admission Risk Program [PDF]
IDC - Indwelling urethral catheter
IVP - Intravenous Pyelogram
KAFO - Knee-Ankle-Foot-Orthosis
MMSE - Mini Mental State Examination
NWB - Non-Weight Bearing
OPA - Office of the Public Advocate
PAS - Psychogeriatric Assessment Scales
PGAT - Psychogeriatric Assessment Teams
PWB - Partial Weight Bearing
RDNS - Royal District Nursing Service
RECIPE - REsidential Care Intervention Program in the Elderly [PDF]
RUDAS - Rowland Universal Dementia Assessment Scale
SPC - Suprapubic catheter
SRS - Supported Residential Services
SSA - Shared Supported Accommodation
THA - Total Hip Arthroplasty
TWB - Touch Weight Bearing
VCAT - Victoria Civil and Administrative Tribunal

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1 comment:

no harsh words please...
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