Tuesday, June 26, 2012

Abbreviations dalam Gynaecology

ACA anticardiolipin antibodies
ACTH adrenocorticotrophic hormone
aFP a-fetoprotein
AGCT adult granulosa cell tumours
AGUS atypical glandular cells of undetermined
AIDS acquired immune deficiency
AIS adenocarcinoma in situ
ANA antinuclear antibodies
AP anteroposterior
APA antiphospholipid antibodies
APTT activated partial thromboplastin time
ART assisted reproductive techniques
ASCUS atypical squamous cells of undetermined
ATP adenosine triphosphate

b.i.d. bis in die (twice a day)
BCC basal cell carcinoma
BMI body mass index
BPL Bio Products Laboratory
BSO bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy
BV bacterial vaginosis
CA125 cancer cell surface antigen 125
CDC Centers for Disease Control
CEE conjugated equine oestrogen
CHD coronary heart disease
CI confidence interval
CIGN cervical intraepithelial glandular neoplasia
CIN cervical intraepithelial neoplasia
CIS carcinoma in situ
CISH classic interstitial Semm hysterectomy
CLSI capillary/lymphatic space invasion
CNS central nervous system
CO2 carbon dioxide

COC combined oral contraceptive
CPP chronic pelvic pain
CRL crown rump length
CT computerised tomography
Cu copper
CURT calibrated uterine resection tool
CVP central venous pressure
D&C dilatation and curettage
DBCP dibromochloropropane
DCIS ductal carcinoma in situ
DDAVP 1-desamino-8-d-arginine vasopressin
DES diethylstilbestrol
DEXA double X-ray absorptiometry
DGI disseminated gonococcal infection
DHT dihydrotestosterone
DI detrusor instability
DMPA depo-medroxyprogesterone acetate
DNA deoxyribonucleic acid
DRVTT dilute Russell’s viper venom time
DUB dysfunctional uterine bleeding
DVT deep vein thrombosis
DXA double X-ray absorptiometry
EBRT external beam radiation therapy
ECC endocervical curettage
EDRF endothelial-derived relaxing factor
ELISA enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay
EMA-CO etoposide, methotrexate, actinomycin D,
cyclophosphamide, vincristine
EMBT endocervical-like mucinous borderline tumour
ENA extractable nuclear antigen
ESR erythrocyte sedimentation rate
ESS endometrial stromal sarcoma
EUA examination under anaesthesia
FBC full blood count
FIGO International Federation of Gynecology and
FMH fetal maternal haemorrhage
FPA Family Planning Association

FSH follicle-stimulating hormone
FTA abs fluorescent treponemal antibody (absorbed)
GnRH gonadotrophin-releasing hormone
GnRHa gonadotrophin-releasing hormone agonist
GSI genuine stress incontinence
GTD gestational trophoblastic disease
H2O2 hydrogen peroxide
Hb haemoglobin
hCG human chorionic gonadotrophin
HDL high density lipoprotein
HERS Heart and Estrogen/Progestin Replacement Study
HIV human immunodeficiency virus
HLA human leukocyte antigen
hMG human menopausal gonadotrophins
HNPCC hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer
HPV human papillomavirus
HRT hormone replacement therapy
HSG hysterosalpingogram
HSIL high grade squamous intraepithelial lesion
HSV herpes simplex virus
HTF Human tubal fluid
HVS High vaginal swab
i.m. intramuscularly
i.n. intranasally
i.v. intravenously
IBS irritable bowel syndrome
ICS International Continence Society
ICSI intracytoplasmic sperm injection
Ig immunoglobulin
IGF insulin-like growth factor
IMBT intestinal-type mucinous borderline tumour
INS-VNTR insulin variable number of tandem repeats
ISGP International Society of Gynaecological Pathologists
ISSVD International Society for the Study of Vulval
IUD intrauterine device
IUI intrauterine insemination
IUS intrauterine system

IVF in vitro fertilisation
IVF-ET in vitro fertilisation and embryo transfer
IVP intravenous pyelogram
JGCT juvenile granulosa cell tumours
LA lupus anticoagulant
LAVH laparoscopically assisted vaginal hysterectomy
LCR ligase chain reaction
LDH lactate dehydrogenase
LDL low density lipoprotein
LEEP loop electrosurgical excision procedure
LFT liver function test
LH laparoscopic hysterectomy
LH luteinising hormone
LHRH luteinising hormone-releasing hormone
LLETZ large loop excision of the transformation zone
LMP last menstrual period
LMWH low molecular weight heparins
LNG levonorgestrel
LNG-IUS levonorgestrel intrauterine releasing system
LSIL low grade squamous intraepithelial lesion
LVSI lymphatic/vascular space invasion
MAC methotrexate, actinomycin D,
MBL menstrual blood loss
MI myocardial infarction
MIF microimmunofluorescent
MISTLETOE minimally invasive surgical techniques – laser,
endothermal or endoresection survey
MMK Marshall Marchetti Krantz
MMMT malignant mixed Müllerian tumour
MPA medroxyprogesterone acetate
MRI magnetic resonance imaging
MRSA methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
MSU mid-stream urinalysis
Nd:YAG neodymium:yttrium–aluminium–garnet laser
NET-EN norethidrone enanthate

NETA norethisterone acetate
NORG norgestrel
NSAID non-steroidal anti-inflammatories
NT nuchal translucency
OAB overactive bladder
OHSS ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome
p.o. per os
p.r. per rectum
p.r.n. pro re nata (when required)
PCB polychlorinated biphenyls
PCOS polycystic ovary syndrome
PCR polymerase chain reaction
PE pulmonary embolism
PEPI Postmenopausal Estrogen/Progestin Interventions
PFL Plasma Fractionation Laboratory
PG prostaglandin
PI pulsatility index
PID pelvic inflammatory disease
PIF prolactin inhibitor factor
PMS premenstrual syndrome
POF premature ovarian failure
POP progestogen-only pill
POPQ pelvic organ prolapse quantification
PSTT placental site trophoblastic tumour
q.i.d. quater in die (four times a day)
QCT quantitative computerised tomography
QoL quality of life
rAFS (revised) American Fertility Society
RCT randomised controlled trial
RI resistive index
RIF right iliac fossa
RLE radical local excision
RNA ribonucleic acid
RPR rapid reagin test
RR relative risk

s.c. subcutaneously
SCC squamous cell carcinoma
sd standard deviation
SD systolic diastolic ratio
SERM selective oestrogen receptor modulator
SGO Society of Gynecologic Oncology
SHBG sex hormone-binding globulin
SIL squamous intraepithelial lesion
SIS saline infusion sonography
SLE systemic lupus erythematosus
SSRI selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor
stat statim (immediately)
STD sexually transmitted disease
STI sexually transmitted infection
SXA single X-ray absorptiometry
t.d.s. ter die sumendum (three times a day)
T3 triiodothyronine
T4 thyroxine
TA transabdominal
TAH total abdominal hysterectomy
TED thromboembolic disease
TENS transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation
TEWL transepidermal water loss
TOP termination of pregnancy
TPHA Treponema pallidum haemagglutination
TRH thyrotrophin-releasing hormone
TSH thyroid-stimulating hormone
TV transvaginal
TVS transvaginal ultrasound
TVT tension-free vaginal tape
U&E urea and electrolytes
UI urinary incontinence
UTI urinary tract infection
VAIN vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia
VDRL Venereal Disease Reference Laboratory
VEGF vascular endothelial growth factor
VH vaginal hysterectomy

VIN vulval intraepithelial neoplasia
VLDL very low density lipoprotein
VTE venous thromboembolus
vWD von Willebrand’s disease
vWF von Willebrand’s factor
WBC white blood cell
WHO World Health Organisation
WISDOM Women’s International Study of Long Duration
Oestrogen After Menopause
WLE wide local excision

Terima Kasih..sila komen,klik nuffnang dan churp2 jika suka entry ini


  1. kat singkatan... jenuh nak hafal nie...

  2. gile banyak nurse kena hafal. semput...

  3. saya scroll je ke bawah dan tulis komen ni....

    'poning nak hafal klu camni'


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